CloudFormation - Info

CloudFormation Building Blocks


1) Resources - Your AWS resources declared in the template
2) Parameters: The dynamic inputs for your template.
3) Mapping: The static variables for your template
4) Outputs: Reference to what has been created.
5) Conditionals: List of conditions to perform resoruce creation
6) Metadata:

Templates Helpers:
1) References
2) Functions

 

{
    "Description" : "A text description for the template usage",

    "Parameters": {
        // A set of inputs used to customize the template per deployment
    },

    "Resources" : {
        // The set of AWS resources and relationships between them
    },

    "Outputs" : {
        // A set of values to be made visible to the stack creator
    },

    "AWSTemplateFormatVersion" : "2010-09-09"
}

 

 

Special Metatdata Keys:
AWS::CloudFormation::Designer - used in aws cloudformation design - layout
AWS::CloudFormation::Interface - Group input data for AWS Console Cloudformation parameters.
AWS::CloudFormation::Init - Define configuration tasks for cfn-init

AWS::CloudFormation::Interface
AWS::CloudFormation::Init
AWS::CloudFormation::Authentication
AWS::CloudFormation::WaitConditionHandle
AWS::CloudFormation::WaitCondition

 

UserData:
Fn::Base64 function

CloudFormation Helper Scripts; (four python scripts part of amazon ami, if not, we can install it using yum)

cfn-init - retrieve and interpret the resource metadata
cfn-signal - talk to cf code and will say yes or no
cfn-get-metadata - wrapper script to retrieve metatdata
cfn-hup - a daemon to check for update to metadata and execute custom hook when change is detected.

usual flow:
cfn-init -> cfn-signal -> cfn-hup (optional)

/etc/cfn/

 

AWS::CloudFormation::Init
config:
packages
groups
users
sources

 


files
commands
services
config2


Properties:


Fn::Sub = !Sub

 

 

Conditions:
Logical ID;
Intrinsic function

Fn::And
Fn::Equals
Fn::If
Fn::Not
Fn::Or

 

 

 

 

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